The history of the Kano State Urban Planning and Development Authority (KNUPDA) dates back to 1962 when the GREATER KANO PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD was established to primarily ensure the orderly physical development of Kano Township. It was then renamed METROPOLITAN KANO PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD in 1969. Following the socioeconomic, physical growth and political importance of some other towns in the former Kano State, the Organization further witnessed some changes both in its name and responsibilities. Thus, in 1976, the defunct KANO STATE URBAN DEVELOPMENT BOARD was created to plan and provide infrastructural facilities necessary for healthy and orderly physical development of all the designated urban centers in the State.
With the enactment of Kano State Edict No.5 of 1976, the powers and functions of the Urban Development Board were made explicit. Section 15 of the Edict empowered the Board with the Planning Authority for all Urban Areas of Kano State, in line with the Town and Country Planning Law (Cap. 30).
The functions of the Board were thus:
To frame and publish an approved Planning Scheme for every Urban Area.
To control the development and use of Land in Urban areas.
To serve and maintain proper sanitary conditions, amenities and conveniences.
To preserve buildings and other objects of architectural, historic or artistic interest and places of natural interest or beauty.
To provide and maintain proper infrastructure for urban development.
To plan, design and provide its own housing estate in Urban Areas.
To design and provide industrial, commercial and residential layouts.
To provide, construct and expand Markets.
To carry into effect and scheme or part thereof approved in respect of any Urban Area.
To do all such other things and acts that may appear to the Board necessary for purposes of its functions.
Sequel to the establishment of the federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) by the Federal Government in 1989 and the subsequent directives to all State Governments to establish similar bodies that would be responsible for environmental protection and pollution control activities, Kano State swiftly decided to restructure and enlarge the function and jurisdiction of the former Urban Development Board. It was against this background that the KANO STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND PROTECTION AGENCY (KASEPPA) was given birth to, vied Edict No.15 of 1990. Apart from continuing with all the functions hitherto undertaken by the defunct URBAN DEVELOPMENT BOARD, KASEPPA was also given the additional duties of Environmental Protection which included Refuse Disposal.
Again, following the creation of the Ministry of Environment in 1999, the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control activities were transferred to the Ministry, returning the Agency to its former status quo of planning and provision of infrastructures in the designated Urban Centers of the State. However, the name was retained until its transformation into KNUPDA.
The primary objectives of KNUPDA in all its stages of development has been to ensure a well planned and organized urban development through the control of land-use in all urban centers of the State. The functions of the Authority also included provision of Planning Scheme for urban centers, development control in urban centers, provision of amenities, conveniences and infrastructures, designing of layouts for various purposes and other functions necessary for healthy and orderly urban growth.
The above mentioned functions of the Authority cover the forty four Local Government Areas of the State and included designing of Master Plans for them, granting of Building Permission in line with the provisions of Building Regulations and Standards, provision of various categories and types of layouts, designing, construction and maintenance of roads and drainage, building and development control in all urban centers. There is also the provision of public convenience and neighborhood Shopping Centers generally referred to as Corner-shops and such other services.
At the apex of the Authority’s Organizational hierarchy is the Board of Directors, which is appointed by the State Government. The role of Board of Directors is policy formulation, direction and supervision of the Authority’s activities. The composition of the Board is normally made up of Chairman and part time Members drawn from various spectrum of society.
Under the Board is the Management Committee, which is headed by the Managing Director, who is also the chief executive officer of the Authority. The Management sees to the day-to-day running of the Authority and is composed of the Managing Director, the Secretary/Legal Adviser and all Directors/Heads of Departments.